Death, divorce and disease are the biggest business risks/ threats to Australia’s small and medium-sized businesses with more than half having to shut or sell at fire-sale prices because of one of the “three Ds”.
With something like two out of three private sector workers employed by small or medium-sized businesses, it also makes the three Ds a major risk to employment and household finances.
About 55 per cent of SME closures or sales are forced on owners because of death, divorce or disease.
Unfortunately, any one of the dreaded three Ds can happen at any time but often people don’t realise that it just doesn’t affect the partner or co-owner going through it, it also affects the whole business.
When businesses are exposed to these events and risk, it means their staff and customers are exposed too. For many businesses, the owners are so entrenched and vital to the daily operations that if they are absent because of illness or stress or distracted with other issues, even for a short period, it can actually cause the business to collapse.
It is possible that while co-owners or other key staff can often carry on, it still means added stress and uncertainty, often cash flow and income problems quickly follow and before long the business is at high risk. News of such events can spread to competitors and this can evoke increased pressure for the business.
This situation not only puts the ongoing business at risk, it also reduces the value of the company if eventually the remaining owner or the owner’s family needs to sell. Most multi family businesses do not have a buy/sell agreement in place. Below are some statistics which highlight the risks –
|17% of women die between
age 45 and 64
|10% of women die between
age 45 and 64
|40% of marriages end in
|50% of second marriages
end in divorce
|66% of Australians are
|50% of Australians over
age 45 have high blood pressure
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, almost one in six males between the age of 45 and 65 die unexpectedly. As 66 percent of business owners are male, and within this age range, the odds can’t be ignored.
Cardiovascular disease affects one in six people, while one in three people over the age of 45 – the most common age group for male and female business owners – have high blood pressure and one in five have high cholesterol.
Divorce is also a major issue for companies that can quickly impact co-owners, staff and often results in the forced sale of a business. According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2016) between 40% – 50% of marriages end in divorce.
There is also anecdotal evidence that divorce rates are even higher for business owners because of the added stress and time spent running their businesses.
In most cases, the business will form part of the divorce settlement, either as an asset that needs to be valued or because part ownership needs to be transferred.
Family law matters can take a long time, up to three years in many cases, for couples to reach settlement.
There are many things that can go wrong, upset staff, impact on incomes and devalue the business during that sort of time frame. This is assuming it’s all being done in a rational way and, as we know, often there is not a lot of rationality when it comes to divorce. Or worse, in a minority of cases, if there is a vindictive element it can destroy the value of the business completely.
Although divorce can’t necessarily be avoided, the impact on SMEs can be managed. Business partners can document how the business is going to be run, what the role of each person is, in the event of a disagreement or divorce. The document could include how to resolve any problems that upset the working relationship, the operation of the business and eventually valuing and buying out someone’s share.
Often the remaining owners won’t have the money to pay someone out immediately, but a divorcee document can at least include the agreed time frame and formula for this to be calculated to help smooth the settlement and minimise damage to the business.